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TypeError: unhashable type: ‘list’

To solve TypeError: unhashable type: ‘list’ when using built-in set function error follow below methods.


TypeError: unhashable type: ‘list’

How to solve TypeError: unhashable type: ‘list’ when using built-in set function ?

The error message TypeError: unhashable type: ‘list’ usually indicates that you are attempting to use a list as a hash parameter. This means that attempting to hash an un-hashable object will result in an error. For example, using a list as a key in the dictionary is not possible because lists cannot be hashed. The conventional solution to this problem is to cast a list to a tuple.


my_dict = {'marks': 98, [4,5,6]:'values'}


TypeError                                 Traceback (most recent call last)
<ipython-input-2-33e10539cd92> in <module>()
----> 1 my_dict = {'marks': 98, [4,5,6]:'values'}
      2 print(my_dict)

TypeError: unhashable type: 'list'

This error shows that the my_dict key [4,5,6] is List and List is not a hashable type in Python . 

Solution : Cast list to a tuple

By changing the given list into a tuple we can solve the issue. i.e.,

my_dict = {'marks': 98, tuple([4,5,6]):'values'}


{‘marks’: 98, (4, 5, 6): ‘values’}

The hash() function is a built-in Python method that returns a unique number. This can be applied to any user-defined object that will not be altered once it has been initialized. This feature is mostly utilized in dictionary keys.

Examples of hashable objects:

int, float, decimal, complex, bool, string, tuple, range, frozenset, bytes

Examples of Unhashable objects:

user-defined classes, list, dict and set 

Hope the above solution works.

Also read : Python error: “IndexError: string index out of range”